The Shortest Presidency in History

April 9, 2018

Potrait of Pedro Lascuráin, President of Mexico who had the shortest presidency in historyOn February 19, 1913, Pedro Lascuráin became the President of Mexico. But his new presidency was short-lived—very short-lived. He was in office for only 45 minutes. His presidency has been the shortest in history.

Here’s why Lascuráin barely had time to realize he was president. On February 13, 1913, Mexican General Victoriano Huerta overthrew President Francisco I. Madero in a coup. Lascuráin had been a supporter of Madero and served two separate times as foreign secretary in his administration. Before Lascuráin was the foreign secretary, he was the mayor of Mexico City and even became mayor again between a break as the foreign secretary.

In addition to removing President Madero, Huerta had the vice-president and the attorney general removed. In order to give the coup some legitimacy, Huerta had Lascuráin move into the presidency since the foreign minister was next in line in succession to be president behind the vice-president and attorney general under the Mexican Constitution of 1857. Huerta then ordered Lascuráin to appoint him as interior minister which was the next position in line to the presidency. Lascuráin was forced to resign the presidency in just under an hour which made Huerta president because his new position was the next in the line of succession. Lascuráin’s presidency then became the shortest in history. This period in Mexican history became known as La Decena Trágica, or the Ten Tragic Days.

Only a few days later, Huerta ordered the killing of the former president and vice-president. Huerta even offered a position in his administration to Lascuráin, but he refused and returned to being a lawyer. He died in 1952 at the age of 96.

Sources:, ABC, Cronica

Other History Stories You Might Like:

The Story Behind the Word “Boycott”
The Most People Ever Carried on an Airplane
Henry Ford’s Connection to Charcoal
The Mysterious Tunguska Event

Subscribe to our newsletter for a collection of stories that have been added to the Stew and get our FREE Ebook Quick Facts as a thank you.

About the author 

Daniel Ganninger - The writer, editor, and chief lackey of Knowledge Stew, the author of the Knowledge Stew line of trivia books, and editor of Fact World and the Knowledge Stew sister site on Medium, our ad-free subscription sites (you can find out how to join below). I hope you find things here to annoy those around you with your new found knowledge.

Follow the Stew

How to Join the Knowledge Stew Ad-Free Subscription Site on Medium

Join Medium now and get access to every story from Knowledge Stew and Fact World plus thousands of others ad-free. Your membership fee directly supports a continued stream of great content on Knowledge Stew and Fact World, and you’ll also get full access to thousands of other writers and stories on Medium. ($5 per month)